Inflammation of the middle layer of eye (uvealtissue ) is known as uveitis. It is a potentially blinding disorder and needs urgent medical attention of the specialist.
Who can be affected?
Uveitis can affect anybody but it is more common in people suffering from autoimmune diseases like arthritis. Some chronic as well as acute infections like tuberculosis, cysticercosis and toxoplasmosis can also cause severe forms of uveitis.
Patients usually present with pain, redness and diminution of vision in one or both the eyes.
What should be done if uveitis is suspected?
Immediate medical consultation is required. Primary treatment can be successfully given by qualified ophthalmologist but uveitis specialist should be consulted if the disease is recurrent or the response to treatment is not satisfactory.
Physician and immunologists are also consulted for the management of systemic disease.
How it is treated?
Uveitis requires treatment with steroids in the form of drops, injections near the eye, tablets or injections. Steroids cause a lot of systemic as well as local (ocular) side effects and should only be taken under strict medical supervision.
Newer medications and therapy include the use of immunosuppressantswhich have fewer side effects as compared to steroids and can be used for a longer time. But they have their own sets of side effects, which require periodic monitoring of blood counts and liver function.
How is the prognosis?
Uveitis is potentially sight threatening thus expert advice and prompt treatment is required. With accurate diagnosis and proper treatment plan it can be effectively treated. Recurrences are common and long-term treatment is often required.
The Eye is the Lamp of the Body. So if your Eye is healthy, your whole body will be full of Light